Ireland is an island nation in Europe and part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain from 1801 to 1922.
Ireland’s 1845 Potato Blight is often credited with launching the second wave of Irish immigration after the first migration during colonial times (1700s). The fungus which destroyed the staple of the Irish diet created a devastating famine; Hundreds of thousands of peasants were driven from their cottages and forced to emigrate — mostly to North America.
The late 19th and early 20th centuries Ireland witnesses a vigorous campaign for Irish Home Rule. While legislation enabling Irish Home Rule is eventually passed, militant and armed opposition from Irish unionists, particularly in Ulster, opposes it. The Irish Home Rule Proclamation is shelved for the duration following the outbreak of World War I.
The Fenians were committed Irish nationalists who first attempted a rebellion in the 1860s. They were unsuccessful, but leaders of the movement will continue to harass the British for decades. Some of the Fenians will inspire and participate in the eventual successful rebellion against Britain in the early twentieth century.
Appearances & Mentions
The Prince and the Rebel (mentioned)
Winston's Lost Night (mentioned)
On the Waterfront Part 1 (mentioned)
Rigid Silence (mentioned)